What is full spectrum CBD oil? 

In addition to CBD, the hemp plant contains more than five hundred different components. We can divide these substances into two major categories of plant substances, namely cannabinoids and terpenes. Other important substances in the hemp plant are chlorophyll and flavonoids.

When looking for information about CBD, you often come across three terms: Full spectrum, the entourage effect, and the endocannabinoid system. We will explain all these terms to you here.


What does “Full-spectrum” mean?

With 'Full spectrum' is meant the complete profile, i.e. all substances together, of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other substances, as naturally present in the hemp plant. CBD is just one of over a hundred different cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Think of CBD, CBG, CBGa, CBN, CBC, CBDa CBDv, etc. but also terpenes, flavonoids, chlorophyll, vitamin E, and essential oils such as Omega -3 and -6. A full-spectrum CBD oil or extract has certain advantages over a CBD isolate (CBD only). This has everything to do with the 'entourage effect'.

“Full-spectrum is the complete profile, all substances that are naturally present in the hemp plant”


How does the Entourage effect work?


Israeli scientists Shimon Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam have coined the term 'Entourage effect'. Entourage is derived from the French language and literally means court. The idea behind this is that every hemp plant contains cannabinoids, terpenes, and other substances. These substances individually have their own beneficial effect, if these substances are present together in, for example, a CBD oil or extract, then there is synergy (cooperation). The substances can influence or even enhance each other's effect. The court that each performs its tasks well and also helps and complements each other. This is called the "entourage effect". For that reason, full-spectrum CBD oil or extract is often preferred over oil with only CBD (CBD isolate or crystal).

“The Entourage effect is the cooperation and reinforcement of all substances together”

The Entourage effect of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavinoids from the hemp plant


Originally, the term entourage effect refers to the synergistic effect (cooperation) of endocannabinoids with each other. But today it is increasingly being applied to the synergistic action between cannabinoids and terpenes. Because natural terpenes have a beneficial effect.

The synergistic effect of cannabinoids and terpenes can best be explained with a few examples

  • CBD reduces the psychoactive effects of THC while increasing its beneficial effects.
  • The combination of CBD and THC is said to be more effective for relaxing and de-stressing.
  • The terpene 'myrcene' is known to enhance the anesthetic and muscle relaxant effect of THC.
  • Myrcene could further enhance the anti-inflammatory effect of CBD.
  • The terpene beta-caryophyllene is said to reduce anxiety caused by THC and promote the effect of CBD.

What is the endocannabinoid system?

The cells in our body contain receptors (signallers). CB1 receptors are mainly present in the brain, and CB2 receptors are mainly present in our immune system. These CB1 and CB2 receptors are sensitive to endocannabinoids. These are substances that your body produces itself to regulate all important processes in your body so that you function optimally.

“So the endocannabinoid system is the system that regulates all the substances in your body”

The Endocannabinoidsystem of a human body with CB1 and CB2 receptors

What does the endocannabinoid system do?

The ECS (endocannabinoid system) keeps our bodies in balance, a process called homeostasis. It plays an important role in many physiological processes (the substances that regulate the functions in our body), such as; immune response, food intake, cognitive processes (thinking and information processing in your brain), emotion, perception, reward, movement coordination, body temperature, and sleep/wake rhythm. A malfunctioning ECS ​​is called 'EndoCannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome' and may be the principle for numerous conditions. It is therefore important for good health to keep your endocannabinoid system in optimal balance.

How do you balance the endocannabinoid system?

Cannabinoids fit like keys to our receptors that can be found throughout our bodies. If you are deficient in endocannabinoids, you can take phytocannabinoids to prevent or restore the imbalance. You can do this in the form of, for example, CBD hemp oil drops. Phytocannabinoids are extremely friendly to our body because they almost exactly resemble the substances that our own body produces.

Summary

If we briefly summarize all this information, your best choice is a full-spectrum CBD oil because this contains all substances that are naturally present in the hemp plant. This is important because you optimally benefit from the beneficial cooperation of all substances through the "Entourage effect". To balance or restore your endocannabinoid system so that you feel fit, healthy, and happy.